automation and robotics Robots taking over simpler jobs could widen inequality

by:Hengju     2019-06-22
For at least the next few years, no one expects computers to beat humans in the old Korean board game Go.So when Google's "AlphaGo" artificial intelligence defeated champion Lee Shishi last month, people were shocked and awe-inspiring.This is a much more complex game than chess, and for machine learning it is a "holy grail" moment, an important milestone in history.
Robots do better than humans in some cognitive tasks.So, where does this make us?There is no doubt that we are at the forefront of rapid technological change, which some experts say will be faster and more disruptive than the industrial revolution.Whether you define artificial intelligence as a complex existence of a convincing "human" and can pass the Turing test, or simply, an algorithm to decide which smart machines you see in your Facebook feed will make more and more changes to the work we do today and even be replaced.
Where mechanization has replaced a lot of manual labor, now we will see more and more white people --The algorithm replaces white-collar work."In the past, we were removed from the limitations of the muscles;(Also known as "killer robot") to the United Nations.As with the previous cycle of technological progress, productivity gains are expected to lead to higher living standards.
But there will also be pain, at least in the short term.Forrester Research estimates that jobs in the United States will be completely replaced by automation and artificial intelligence over the next decade.No industry is safe.It is able to give accurate medical diagnosis using its encyclopedic brain.
There will also be new jobs-jobs we can't even imagine-created behind these new technologies.But Forrester estimates that for every 10 people lost, only one new job will be created-a net loss of 7 cents for the total job by 2025.Who will be the first place in the shooting line?It depends on whether your job is "open" or "closed", Walsh said ".
Open-The addition of artificial intelligence will increase the number of jobs that have ended.For example, scientists can use computers to pursue knowledge faster and reach an unforeseen height.We can expect that in the next few years, there will be great breakthroughs in scientific and medical research due to technological advances.
Taxi drivers, on the other hand, are a closed job.Uber uses algorithms to automate many of its back officesThe taxi industry has been disrupted..Uber drivers are not needed."You don't want to work in a closed job," Walsh said .
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As a result, we have a long way to go before creating artificial intelligence that understands complex tasks and concepts that humans can understand.It takes a few weeks to re-train AlphaGo's "neural network", which is a bit likexa0The way the human brain is connected is just to learn how to play and win in different games, such as chess.On the other hand, one can observe and learn a variety of subtle things before lunch: driving, having a meaningful conversation with a loved one, noticing someone acting abnormally at the train station, reading a poem and thinking.
Simon Angus of Monash University said: "We really don't need to have too low Views on humans-humans are very special and unique ." Experts in technical economicsComputers are good at doing repetitive work that we don't like.This allows humans to do more interesting and fulfilling jobs, Angus said.
"I'm optimistic.
xa0But I think this is another step forward in the relationship between human beings and Labor/work, "Angus said."If we continue to lose jobs that we all feel, if we ask the people who do these jobs, have you enjoyed the job? '?',' It's not true. '-that's a good thing.Take News as an example.According to Angus's theory, if I am lucky, the computer will record sports performance and economic income, and the reporter will be busy looking for it.
Deep analysis and hardStrike investigationThis is a good idea.xa0But in an industry obsessed with costsCutting, it feels like a daydream.Experts also warned that the new wave of "enlightened" work could eventually be in the hands of a handful of people.
History has shown that those most affected by technological change are those with the lowest levels of education.Phil Lewis, economist at the University of Canberra, said the government will need to increase the emphasis on education and social support to prevent further widening of the gap between the rich and the poor in society."It's strange that [technological advances] promote inequality because we know that people in the poorest families are the least likely to go to college.
"If you don't stay at school in Grade 12, your job prospects will be very bleak now.In some countries, as well as in the ideological leaders of Silicon Valley."If we want to have all of these innovative technologies, the challenge may also require innovative politics," Lewis said .
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"I'm not sure if we're ready.
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