convey Launceston's Kings Wharf has a history worth recalling

by:Hengju     2019-06-22
Built a century ago, King's Wharf Launceston is part of a distant placeVisionary plans to develop maritime cargo and passenger transport facilities on the Tamar River.On August 1912, the hunter report on the future of the Tamar River shipping service recommended the construction of a new dock in Launceston.As cargo ships and passenger ships grow larger and the apple and pear industries grow larger, the Launceston Ocean Commission hired WH, a British civil engineerxa0(Henry) Hunter will provide a plan for Port Launceston.
At that time, the Pier in Port Launceston was located on the North Esk River, but large ships needed deeper shipping channels and better facilities to obtain railway services.Henry Hunt (1849-1917) participated in the design and operation of the Manchester canal and was the nominee of the British government in the team of consulting engineers for the Panama Canal.He spent a month studying the Tamar River and its existing infrastructure.
Henry Hunt clearly pointed out that the Launceston City Council "dumped up to 20,000 tons of sewage solids into the river every year and the Marine Council had to clear it again!”."First of all, his prediction is very accurate, his advice is also very reliable, and his work speed and cost are relatively low.Second, the actions of the Commission itself are bold and courageous.
In August 2, 1912, Hunter said he strongly supported Launceston's continued role as a major port, but that needed to be "renewed"At present, the overall arrangement of Pier accommodation "."Therefore, Mr. Hunt suggested that the main pier should be built on the inversk side of the River, facing his hometown, close to the current livestock pier.With the support of the community's extensive support for the hunter report, the Ocean Commission acted quickly to implement its recommendation.
The dredging work began, and the Marine commission ordered a dredge named Ponrabbel from the Scottish shipyard.Understandably, the European Declaration of War slowed the progress of the pier, and unfortunately the newly completed panglabel was sunk by German attacker Emden on his way to Australia.Henry Hunt was clearly concerned about the voyage and told the Marine Board that the dredge was not designed for wartime crossing the ocean and was "a vessel that neither could fight nor escapeOn November 1914, when the HMAS Sydney was transporting Australia's first European war force vessel, Emden was disabled near the Cocos Islands in the Indian Ocean.
A replacement Ponrabbel was ordered and subsequently arrived on 1921 and served the Ocean Commission for 60 years.The construction of the new Launceston Pier began in 1915, driving a total of 1000 piles.Even before installing the deck, the construction of the frame requires 2200 m³ of wood.
It is planned that all interstate vessels will be moored at the new terminal from 1916 and calls for tram service and rail connection.The loss of convenience to the business community at the North Esk terminal is a topic worth discussing, and some have criticized the relocation to the new terminal.The cost of the new terminal has also raised concerns.
Henry Hunt did not foresee the construction of another bridge across North Esk at the bottom of Charles Street, but was considered the key to entering the new pier.At the Launceston Ocean Council meeting on October 1916, it was decided to call the new facility King's Wharf.Other names, including Hunter Wharf, were also canvassed.
The Marine Commission reported that it had completed the construction of the terminal, "the main part of the terminal is 1000ft (300 m) long )".Two sheds with a length of 450ft (137 m) and a width of 60ft (18 m) have also been completed.However, there was a conflict between the new pier, the planned Charles Street Bridge and the lines connecting the railway and the municipal tram.
Prior to the full use of the new terminal in 1917, there were some inquiries and even a royal commission.This is a new King's Wharf for the first world war soldiers returning from Launceston and North Tasmania state.A generation later, it was a farewell place for soldiers and women to go to World War II.
After more than 40 years of expansion and renovation, King's Wharf has become a sea cargo processing center in North Tower state.For 40 years, it has been the passenger terminal of the Bass Strait ferry and other ships, transporting the north Tasman to Melbourne, Sydney and other destinations.The role of King's Wharf as a passenger terminal ended in late 1950 when the state government decided to transfer the bass channel service to Devonport.
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